Home>>Canada Atlas>>Canada Relief Map

Printable Canada Maps


Canada Provinces and Territories Maps


Canada Relief Map

Canada occupies a major northern portion of North America, sharing land borders with the contiguous United States to the south and the US state of Alaska to the northwest. Canada stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west; to the north lies the Arctic Ocean. Greenland is to the northeast, while Saint Pierre and Miquelon is south of Newfoundland.

By total area (including its waters), Canada is the second-largest country in the world, after Russia. By land area alone, Canada ranks fourth. The country lies between latitudes 41oand 84oN, and longitudes 52oand 141oW.

Since 1925, Canada has claimed the portion of the Arctic between 60o and 141oW longitude, but this claim is not universally recognized. Canada is home to the world's northernmost settlement, Canadian Forces Station Alert, on the northern tip of Ellesmere Island-latitude 82.5oN-which lies 817 kilometres (508 mi) from the North Pole.Much of the Canadian Arctic is covered by ice and permafrost. Canada has the longest coastline in the world, with a total length of 202,080 kilometres (125,570 mi);additionally, its border with the United States is the world's longest land border, stretching 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi).